Member state: The Kingdom of the Netherlands
Surface area (km2): 11.8 square miles (31 km2)
Population: 3 800
Density (/km2): 171
St. Eustatius is located in the north-eastern Caribbean, 50 km south of St. Maarten and 300 km east of Puerto Rico.
Statia is of volcanic origin. The volcano known as the Quill dominates the south-eastern end and the eroded remains of older volcanoes dominate the northwestern end of the island. The central portion is relatively flat.
The island has a tropical climate, generally dry and sunny, tempered by light, constant northeast trade winds. The average daytime temperature is 27 °C. The average night temperature drops to 23°C. Rainfall occurs in showers of medium duration during the months of April, June and September. The island is located in the hurricane belt.
The most important economic activity is offered by Statia Oil Terminals, an oil transshipment facility with a capacity of 13 million barrels. In addition, the island has a modest tourism industry, mainly diving.
Before October 10, 2010, St. Eustatius was part of the Netherlands Antilles, an autonomous country within the Dutch Kingdom. After this date, the Island has direct ties with the Netherlands as a special municipality.
The island offers pre-school, primary and secondary education to its inhabitants. The University of St. Eustatius School of Medicine offers a basic sciences program and caters mainly to students from North America.
St. Eustatius: An Untapped Gold Mine for International Trade & Sustainable Tourism
Despite its tiny size, St. Eustatius (Statia) was a powerful player in the world economy during the 18th century, earning the name "Golden Rock". Today, Statia is committed to maximizing its competitive edge and resilience in the global market by re-focusing attention on international trade development. Two specific areas with strong international trade potential are expansion of the multinational oil storage facility and development of a container harbor. Project proposals in both areas are currently being discussed.
Statia has carved out a niche for itself in three key sustainable areas: 1) dive tourism, 2) charity tourism and 3) cultural, heritage & historical tourism.
Statia is a virtual "gold mine" for divers. The island offers very diverse diving with 8 different ecosystems and a wide variety of dives such as exciting deep dives, archeological dives, historical and modern, spectacular natural reef coral and much more.
The St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation (STENAPA) offers an eight week structured volunteer program. Charity tourists can get involved in Statia’s Conservation Projects. Volunteers acquire new skills and knowledge about conservation, the local flora and fauna of Statia and take part in trail work, tropical gardening and turtle conservation.
Cultural, Heritage and Historical Tourism
Known as "the Historical Gem of the Caribbean" Statia is determined to develop its sustainable tourism product to accommodate its cultural, heritage and historical selling points. And for Statia, there are many!!!