The archipelago is located in the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Canadian coast, south of Newfoundland.
The archipelago is a group of islands spanning the boundaries of the Appalachian Mountains from Alabama to Newfoundland. From a geological point of view, its general orientation is northeast-southwest. The archipelago is not surrounded by large pits except the submarine Valley to the east separating it from Newfoundland. The highlight of the Archipelago is located in Miquelon: Morne de la Grande Montagne with an altitude of 240 meters.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon has a cold ocean climate under the dominant influence of the sea. The average annual temperature is 5.4°C with a variation of many degrees between the hottest month (August with an average of 15.5°C) and the coldest month (February with an average of -3.3°C).
The development of the seafood sector remains a major route of diversification for the archipelago : fishing, processing and aquaculture play an important role in the economy of the islands.
The building and construction sector is an important part in the economy of the archipelago, and is strongly dependent on public procurement. Tourism is a sector that tends to develop and constitutes the main challenge for the years to come.
It is a French territorial overseas collectivity and its local executive power is exercised by the Territorial Council, whose members are elected by universal suffrage. Its president is Stéphane Artano (elected in March 2006). The sector of taxation and customs, and the powers conferred upon the French regions and departments are within the competence of the collectivity. The law of the French Republic is directly applicable to the collectivity.
During an economic crisis due to the collapse of fisheries, a French language institute was established in 1993: the Francoforum. Its primary mission is to teach French in an environment of total immersion. Courses are available for all levels : education or training, school or university, for students or teachers.
The Territorial Council has chosen to rely on an inter-structural cell to coordinate the implementation of its Strategic Development Scheme 2010-2030. The territorial engineering and organizational cell combines indeed many organizations essential to sustainable development of Saint Pierre and Miquelon. It consists of five development agencies from the Chamber of Commerce, the Regional Committee of Tourism, the House of Nature and Environment and the Development Agency SODEPAR (with headquarters in Saint-Pierre and an office in Paris).
Inspired by the former local development practices born in the Basque Country, the tasks assigned to the cell are varied:
Focused on the political land technical level, the Strategic Development Scheme has been gradually established as a reference to guide stakeholders in their coordinated economic development efforts.