Member state: France
Surface area (km2): 142
Population: 13 445
Density (/km2): 95
Archipelago located in the South Pacific.
The archipelago consists of two permanently inhabited main islands, Wallis on one hand and Futuna on the other. Wallis is surrounded by islets scattered inside the lagoon and Futuna, which is not near the lagoon, has only one islet that is much larger than those of Wallis.
Unlike Wallis that has a low relief (highest point 151 m), Futuna and Alofi are high volcanic islands (highest point 524 m).
The climate of the Wallis and Futuna Islands is tropical, hot and humid. The minimum and maximum temperatures range between 22°C and 32°C and average temperatures are always higher than 25.5°C. Humidity is generally above 82%.
Annual rainfall exceeds 3,000 mm. There is a cool season from May to September, moderated by trade winds and a hot, rainy season from November to April.
The economy has remained traditional and low-monetized. GDP is essentially noncommercial (almost 75% of the total value added). This is due to two reasons: the
importance of self-consumption and the weight of the public sector. Indeed, selfconsumption represents 26% of total expenditure of households and the government provides significant support to the local economy, mainly through State subsidies.
The remoteness and isolation of the archipelago does not favor the development of the tourism sector.
Wallis and Futuna is an overseas collectivity with a specific institutional organisation:
Development through Renewable Energy Sources
For Wallis and Futuna, the development of renewable energy sources is a challenge for the future. Indeed, electricity is produced wholly from imported diesel, governed by the rules of the international market and subject to the constraints of isolation, local market size and distance of supplies. This has raised the cost of kwh.
Funded under the 9th regional EDF, some projects on the use of photovoltaics have been developed, but are still insufficient to meet the needs of the archipelago. Unlike Wallis, development of hydropower in Futuna will be continued and strengthened.